IBNA- A book on the life and career of the English-born American political activist, philosopher, political theorist, and revolutionary ‘Thomas Paine’ (2007) by Mark Philip has been translated into Persian and published.
The book describes how Paine denied the rule of kings and aristocrats and through his democratic ideas attempted to make a fundamental social and political change. ‘Thomas Paine’ has been rendered into Persian by veteran Iranian translator, author and editor Mohammad Gha'ed. Nashr-e No Publishing in cooperation with Asim Publishing has released this work in 168 pages.
Paine’s writings in the long term inspired philosophic and working-class radicals in Britain and the United States. Liberals, libertarians, left-libertarians, feminists, democratic socialists, social democrats, anarchists, free thinkers and progressives often claim him as an intellectual ancestor.
He authored ‘Common Sense’ (1776) and ‘The American Crisis’ (1776–1783), two of the most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution, and helped inspire the Patriots in 1776 to declare independence from Great Britain. His ideas reflected Enlightenment-era ideals of transnational human rights.
Paine's attack on monarchy in ‘Common Sense’ is essentially an attack on George III. Whereas colonial resentments were originally directed primarily against the king's ministers and Parliament, Paine laid the responsibility firmly at the king's door. ‘Common Sense’ was the most widely read pamphlet of the American Revolution.
It was a clarion call for unity against the corrupt British court, so as to realize America's providential role in providing an asylum for liberty. Written in a direct and lively style, it denounced the decaying despotisms of Europe and pilloried hereditary monarchy as an absurdity. At a time when many still hoped for reconciliation with Britain, ‘Common Sense’ demonstrated to many the inevitability of separation.
In ‘The Age of Reason’ and other writings he advocated Deism, promoted reason and free thought, and argued against the Christian doctrine. In 1796, he published a bitter open letter to George Washington, whom he denounced as an incompetent general and a hypocrite. He published the pamphlet 'Agrarian Justice' (1797), discussing the origins of property and introduced the concept of a guaranteed minimum income through a one-time inheritance tax on landowners.
‘Thomas Paine’ by Mark Philip, a Fellow and Tutor in politics at Oriel College, Oxford is from the Very Interesting People series printed by Oxford University Press.