IBNA- Russian sociologist Vadim Volkov's book 'Violent Entrepreneurs: The Use of Force in the Making of Russian Capitalism' (2002) which investigates darker recesses of Russia's shadow economy has been published in Persian.
This work goes beyond sensationalist accounts of violence and corruption in Russia to provide a very important analysis of the role of force in the consolidation of Russian capitalism. It has been translated into Persian by Damoun Afzali. Tehran-based Ney Publishing has released 'Violent Entrepreneurs’ in 324 pages.
Entering the shady world of what he calls "violent entrepreneurship," Vadim Volkov explores the economic uses of violence and coercion in Russia in the 1990s. Violence has played, he shows, a crucial role in creating the institutions of a new market economy.
The core of his work is competition among so-called violence-managing agencies―criminal groups, private security services, private protection companies, and informal protective agencies associated with the state―which multiplied with the liberal reforms of the early 1990s. This competition provides an unusual window on the dynamics of state formation.
‘Violent Entrepreneurs’ is remarkable for its research. Volkov conducted numerous interviews with members of criminal groups, heads of protection companies, law enforcement employees, and businesspeople. He bases his findings on journalistic and anecdotal evidence as well as on his own personal observation.
Volkov investigates the making of violence-prone groups in sports clubs (particularly martial arts clubs), associations for veterans of the Soviet―Afghan war, ethnic gangs, and regionally based social groups, and he traces the changes in their activities across the decade.
Some groups wore state uniforms and others did not, but all of their members spoke and acted essentially the same and were engaged in the same activities: intimidation, protection, information gathering, dispute management, contract enforcement, and taxation. Each group controlled the same resource―organized violence.
New York Review of Books comments on this book: “Volkov supplies the missing link between almost everything else you may read about business in post-Communist Russia and almost everything else you can read about organized crime there. He treats the two activities, business and crime, with equal respect as fields of sociological inquiry, and so arrives at the first satisfying account of how they affect each other."
Vadim Volkov is Vice-Rector for Innovations, Head of the Research Institute for the Rule of Law, and the A. S. Muromtsev Professor of Sociology at the European University at St. Petersburg.