At the inauguration ceremony of the 1st National Conference of Literary Criticism, Ahmad Samiei Guilani severely criticized those criticisms that suffice with a description of theories and often have access to second-rate sources and said: "If we always rely on prefabricated theories for criticism, we will be unable to evaluate novel and innovative works."
"Literary Criticism cannot be prefabricated"
IBNA: According to the News Team of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM), the first conference of Literary Criticism of Iran was held today morning (Tuesday 22 February 2011) at Ferdowsi hall of the Faculty of Literature after playing the national anthem and verses of the Holy Quran. 

After Ashouri, chancellor of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad's prologue, Mohammad-Jafar Yahaghi welcomed all participants, thanked the conference holders and reminded of the memory of late Dr Ali-Mohammad Hagh-Shenas and censured the absence of any picture of him in the tribune's background. 

He further said that the conference is the key to befriending academic and non-academic literatures; "I hope that these two trends can get unified in order to elevate the status of our literature and literary criticism and to join world convoy of knowledge." 

Ahmad Samiei Guilani was the other speaker to welcome the participants at the inauguration ceremony and then made his speech the subject of "criticism and the World of Art". In his presentation, Guilani compared the nature of the work of art with the world of the real and the world of play, and then expounded on the characteristics of a literary critic: "Literary criticism cannot be prefabricated. If we always rely on prefabricated theories for criticism, we will be unable to evaluate novel and innovative works." 

The following speaker was Sima Erami who read the special message of 'Dariush Ashouri' for the conference attendants.
Iraj Parsinejad, other lecturer, found Dr Zarrinkoub's method of compiling the history of literary criticism false as it seeks the beginning of literary criticism in old times among the poets' fuss or in the books of rhetoric, and remarked: "Literary criticism is born out of the critic's ration and its roots should rather be sought in the constitutional period's critical literature or a bit earlier in the works of Talbof, Maraghei, or Malkolm Khan." 

He called Fath-Ali Akhundzadeh as the founder of literary criticism in Iran and explained that Akhundzadeh for the first time used the term 'Qritiqa' (critique) in its real sense. 

He then mentioned other influentional figures in the literary critical movement of Iran like Naseem-e-Shomal, Aref, Bahar, Nima Youshij, Ali Dashti, Parviz Natel Khanlari, Tabari, and Fatemeh Sayyah, stating that "each theory has a particular background of its own and could not be adapted everywhere else. Adaptation entails enough and precise knowledge of the theories as well as the works.
Story Code : 97552
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