A new volume of Creators of the Culture and Civilization of Islam and the Land of Iran by the Supreme Leader's advisor in international affairs, Ali Akbar Velayati, has been published in the Iranian book market.
IBNA: The volume is arranged in four chapters which focus on the political, social and cultural status Iran during Sadra’s life, assessment of Mulla Sadra’s works, Mulla Sadra’s life, and introduction of Mulla Sadra’s works.
Sadra was contemporary with five Safavi kinds in Iran: Shah Tahmasb the first, Shah Ismaeil the second, Sultan Khodabandeh, Shah Abbas the first and Shah Safi. Most of Sadra’s life was contemporary with Shah Abbas, the most powerful Safavid King.
Sadra’s journeys, masters, contemporary thinkers, students, marriage, children and death are unpacked in the volume.
Moreover, his works and thinking as well as his philosophy are discussed in details in the volume.
The book is arranged in 256 pages and is published by Amir Kabir Publishing Company in Tehran.
Sadr ad-Dīn Muhammad Shīrāzī, also called Mulla Sadrā (c. 1572–1640) was an Iranian Shia Islamic philosopher, theologian and ‘Ālim who led the Iranian cultural renaissance in the 17th century. According to Oliver Leaman, Mulla Sadra is arguably the single most important and influential philosopher in the Muslim world in the last four hundred years.
Though not its founder, he is considered the master of the Illuminationist (or, Ishraghi or Ishraqi) school of Philosophy, a seminal figure who synthesized the many tracts of the Islamic Golden Age philosophies into what he called the Transcendent Theosophy or al-hikmah al-muta’liyah.
Mulla Sadra brought "a new philosophical insight in dealing with the nature of reality" and created "a major transition from essentialism to existentialism" in Islamic philosophy, although his existentialism should not be too readily compared to Western existentialism. His was a question of existentialist cosmology as it pertained to Allah, and thus differs considerably from the individual, moral, and/or social, questions at the heart of Russian, French, German, or American Existentialism.