Nicholas Jolley’s critique of Leibniz released in Persian
‘Leibniz’ a book surveying the philosophical system of the German physicist, mathematician and philosopher is penned by Nicholas Jolley and recently converted to Persian by Seyyed Masoud Husseini.
IBNA: Leibniz was not the only philosopher of the 17th century who dreamt of establishing a philosophical system. Yet he was distinguished from his peers for the sources of his inspiration.
Leibniz was fond of the Middle Age philosophical heritage and chose the Renaissance philosophy as the foundation of his own system.
Yet despite such complexities, his main idea that is drawn from New-Platonic philosophy is quite simple: the world is a harmonious collection of gems that reflect their creator’s traits. This is well explained in his Discourse on Metaphysics, which he composed in 1686 as a commentary on a running dispute between Nicolas Malebranche and Antoine Arnauld.
Leibniz's best known contribution to metaphysics is his theory of monads, as exposited in Monadologie. According to Leibniz, monads are elementary particles with blurred perception of each other. The monads are "substantial forms of being" that are eternal, indecomposable, individual, subject to their own laws, un-interacting, and each reflecting the entire universe in a pre-established harmony. Each monad is like a little mirror of the universe.
In this book after a quite long introduction to Leibniz’s philosophical system, Nicholas Jolley offers an account of his life and writings in different phases of his life, and then probes into the main features of Lebnizian philosophy in separate chapters.
‘The Metaphysics of substances: Unity and Activity’, ‘The Theory of Monads’, ‘Mind Knowledge and Ideas’, ‘Human and Divine Freedom’, ‘The Problem of Evil’, ‘Ethics and Politics’, and ‘Legacy and Influence’ make different chapters of the book.
The first print of ‘Leibniz’ is converted into Persian by Seyyed Masoud Husseini Tushmanloei and published by Qoqnoos Publications in 1100 copies and 382 pages.
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