Author of Mohammedan Truth and Jesus Christ
Neo-Platonic Philosophy modeled by Muslim, Christian Theologians
17 Jul 2012 11:15
Author of 'The Mohammedan Truth and Jesus Christ: According to Ibn Arabi and Eckhart' claims that generally speaking Muslim and Christian Mysticism are comparable as both have been influenced by Neo-Platonism; However we should exclude the kind of mysticism that is directly inspired by the Holy Quran.
IBNA: Emdad Touran said: "In this book I have compared the concept of Mohammedan Truth in Ibn Arabi with Eckhart's hold of Jesus Christ."
As a holder of PhD in Western Philosophy, Touran said the book has resulted from his PhD dissertation.
Touran regarded the 'Mohammedan Truth' and the 'Jesus Christ' as pivotal concepts in Ibn Arabi and Eckhart's anthropological studies and said: "The concept of Jesus Christ plays a key role in the fluctuations of Eckhart's philosophy, while it is also central to the Christian thought."
Drawing on the similarities and differences of the two he said: "These concepts are inherently different as they have risen from totally different contexts. Eckhart, because of the domination of the Church, regards Jesus Christ as one with God, whereas Ibn Arabi, following the commands of Islam, regards the prophet as a human being. This difference should have led to difference of details, but surprisingly enough, the Mohammedan Truth and Jesus Christ of Eckhart are very similar as both of these philosophers are mystics and believe in the unity of the self."
He added: "Ibn Arabi elated the position of the prophet and approached him to the borderlines of divinity. On the other hand, Eckhart tries to lower the state of Jesus Christ in the divine order and make him closer to humanity quite lower than the Father."
He went on to explain that Ibn Arabi and Eckhart considered similar functions for the two. For instance, they are known as the mediators between God and the creatures.
He added: "Both thinkers lived in a Greek context and were both inheritors of Neo-Platonic thought. They followed Plotinus and their ideas of the Mohammedan truth or the Jesus Christ were both rooted in Greek thought. This is an important common point and although the religions are different, they have evolved in a similar intellectual context."
He continued: "Also, both these thinkers had diverted from the official religions of their time and that is why we find differences between what we find in Islamic texts and Ibn Arabi's ideas. This is also the same with Eckhart whose theology is different that the official holds of the Church. They have both approximated to the Greek philosophy and this has made them similar to each other in terms of stance and functioning - in spite of fundamental differences between their religions."
He finally stated that the Islamic mysticism that is adaptable to Christian theosophy or Greek philosophy is not the same with the one that is directly formed on Quran and traditions. Ibn Arabi's theosophical thought and his pupils' are directly originated from Plotinus and Greek theosophy.
The first print of 'The Mohammedan Truth and Jesus Christ: According to Ibn Arabi and Eckhart' is published in 1000 copies and 365 pages by Adyan-va-Mazaheb Publishing House.
The book was lauded as praiseworthy during the 20th Book of the Season Award.