Schopenhauer; philosopher of culture and virtue
15 بهمن 1390 11:47
During the session held on Schopenhauer at the House of Literati, philosophy professor Hamid Talebzadeh said: as a philosopher Schopenhauer had realized the boredom and monotony of quotidian life and suggested piety as a means to freedom. Hence, he is truly entitled as the philosopher of culture and virtue.
IBNA: The introductory session on the works and ideas of Schopenhauer was held by Philosophy Book of the Month team at the House of Literati on Wednesday evening. Bijan Abdolkarimi writer and teacher of western philosophy, Hamid Talebzadeh academic member of Western Philosophy department of the University of Tehran, and Reza Valiyari translator of Schopenhauer's works to Persian were speakers of this session.
At the outset, Abdolkarimi stated that as one of the most significant philosophers of mid-19th-century, Schopenhauer has been neglected in our academies.
"Schopenhauer is a mediator between Kant and Nietzsche and therefore is as significant in today world as Nietzsche. In other words, Schopenhauer's achievements have made grounds for the spread of Nietzsche's thought," he added.
He continued: "Schopenhauer was also influenced by Kant and even regarded himself as his surrogate. Following Kant, Schopenhauer found the universe as a phenomenon where each individual's world is shaped according to his own mind and perceptions. Kant's subjectivity is extended to Nietzsche and Schopenhauer is but a mediator between Kantian (world as it is imagined) and Nietzschean (world as will) subjectivity."
Abdolkarimi added: "The metaphysics saw fracture after Hume's ideas and with Kant the fracture became deeper. Nietzsche and Schopenhauer also kept on the trend. Yet in a sense, Schopenhauer made room for metaphysics and his belief in the fact that by philosophy one can get rid of service to bodily needs, he is actually talking about metaphysics."
Then Hamid Talebzadeh spoke of Schopenhauer's relation to Kant as well as Schopenhauer's critiques of Kant's paradoxical views of the self and added: "According to Schopenhauer there is only one truth ruling over the world and that is causality, hence reducing Kantian twelve issue into only one matter. And while Kant thought that the will is the truth of the world and it equals freedom, Schopenhauer opposes this view by calling freedom as lack pure reason.
He continued: "As a philosopher Schopenhauer had realized the boredom and monotony of quotidian life and suggested piety as a means to freedom. Hence, he is truly entitled as the philosopher of culture and virtue. When talking of piety, Schopenhauer mentions Jesus Christ as an embodiment of the denial of the will. So he calls himself a Christian philosopher and this proves that he is truly entitled as a philosopher of morality."
The last speaker of the session was Reza Valiyari that related his fascination with Schopenhauer's ideas as he had found his philosophy related to mathematical principles.
He went on to say that in Schopenhauer's opinion, the manifestations of the will are all evil and man is moving like a pendulum between two poles of boredom and sorrows as they either suffer from lack of something or immediately feel bored after its fulfillment. In order to get rid of this state, Schopenhauer suggests that one should turn to art and piety and here he get closest to Indian philosophies found in Buddhism and Hinduism.
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