IBNA- ‘Imperialism’, the second part of the voluminous seminal book ‘The Origins of Totalitarianism’ by influential German-American political philosopher Hannah Arendt has been translated into Persian and published.
‘The Origins of Totalitarianism’ is structured as three essays, "Antisemitism", "Imperialism" and "Totalitarianism". The two other parts have already been published into Persian as books. ‘Imperialism’ been rendered into Persian by Mahdi Tadayoni. Sales Publishing in Tehran has released the book.
This book which has been translated from the original German version of ‘The Origins of Totalitarianism’ which is longer than the English translation, first examines the New Imperialism, from 1884 to the start of the First World War (1914–18).
Arendt then discusses scientific racism, and its role in colonialist imperialism, itself characterized by unlimited territorial and economic expansion. That unlimited expansion necessarily opposed itself and was hostile to the territorially delimited nation-state.
She traces the roots of modern imperialism to the accumulation of excess capital in European nation-states during the 19th century. This capital required overseas investments outside of Europe to be productive and political control had to be expanded overseas to protect the investments.
She then examines "continental imperialism" (pan-Germanism and pan-Slavism) and the emergence of "movements" substituting themselves to the political parties. These movements are hostile to the state and antiparliamentarist and gradually institutionalize anti-Semitism and other kinds of racism.
Arendt concludes that while Italian Fascism was a nationalist authoritarian movement, Nazism and Stalinism were totalitarian movements that sought to eliminate all restraints upon the power of the movement.
Persian translation of ‘Imperialism’- which has been recognized as the definitive philosophical account of the totalitarian mindset- has been published in 473 pages and 770 copies.