IBNA- ‘Vico and Herder: Two Studies in the History of Ideas’, a collection of essays in the history of philosophy by noted philosopher and historian of ideas Isaiah Berlin has been published in Persian.
According to IBNA correspondent, this book features academic discourses the 20th century Russian-British philosopher and historian of ideas Isaiah Berlin produced. The work has been translated into Persian by Edris Ranji and released by Qoqnoos Publishing.
Giambattista Vico , the great philosopher and legal theorist of the Enlightenment who lived and died in obscurity, was among the first to sound the prevailing modern theme. In The New Science, he marvels "that the philosophers should have bent all their energies to the study of the world of nature, which, since God made it, He alone knows: and that they should have neglected the study of the nations or civil world, which since men had made it, men could come to know."
Attacking Cartesian rationalism as well as questioning the Platonic tradition; developing the comparative studies of mythology, anthropology, archaeology, philology, linguistics; historical in one sense (man's cultural adventures constitute "the ideal eternal history") and ahistorical in another ("progress" is only the rising and falling of cyclical patterns); deciphering the origins of civilization through its primitive riddles, "crude beginnings," "frightful superstitions"- these are some of the recognitions which made no sense to the savants of Vico's day but which are brilliantly annotated in his works.
On the other hand Herder, coiner of the term Nazionalismus (nationalism) is portrayed by Berlin as conceiving of the nation as a "people's culture," the unique way of life of a particular folk, bound by ties of kinship and ties to land, defined by their unique history.
The Persian translation of ‘Vico and Herder: Two Studies in the History of Ideas’ has been published in 327 pages and 1100 copies.