IBNA- Iranian writer and literary critic Shahram Eqbalzadeh believes that literature is a key element for uniting all ethnic Iranians and teaching literature to children in their mother tongue creates more solidarity among the nation.
In an interview with IBNA, Shahram Eqbalzadeh said: “Apart from Persian, there are other languages like Turkish, Kurdish, Baluchi and Arabic spoken by many people in our country. Of course, when the literature of the native people of Iran is referred to, it is the written literature that is intended and not the spoken or the aural one. This is because each of these people currently speak their own language and have their own special folk literature.”
This veteran writer and literary critic pointed to the language of different ethnic groups in our literature and said: “Since the Constitutional Revolution period, literature has been more extensively discussed in Iran. The majority of people at that time were illiterate, however, at the same time enough attention was not paid to the language of various ethnic groups, and the non-Persian speaking people like the Turks and the Kurds who had a rich literature were banned from writing in their own language.”
Elsewhere in his remarks, Eqbalzadeh said:”From 1949 to 1953, an almost open space followed the fall of the dictatorship of Reza Shah which paved the way for engaging in the literature of the ethnic groups in different languages. However, after the coup d'état of 1953, these ethnic groups were not allowed to write in their own language and the situation continued until 1978.”