IBNA- An scholar of contemporary history Lotfollah Ajdani believes that the main reason for the lack of a comprehensive analysis of the Constitutional Movement and its accomplishments and failures is the ideological look at history.
In an interview with IBNA, Ajdani emphasized the key point of the unfinished project of this movement and not its failures. He believes that in their commentaries of the Iranian Constitution, the ideology-oriented historians influenced by a certain ideology have come to specified analyses and responses according to their own ideology.
Ajdani is one of those experts who attempts to analyze and interpret the Iranian Constitutional Movement and its failures without an ideological view. His efforts in this field have led the other researchers and history-lovers to refer to his achievements.
The Constitutional Movement introduced Iran to a new world where the nation also took part in the country’s decision-making policies by establishing a parliament. However, constitutional ups and downs disabled this parliament to play the role it was intended for.
IBNA – Mr. Ajdany, for the first question, please explain if this movement was a failure or an unfinished project, based on your own research and works about the Constitutional Movement.
A – Iranian Constitutional Revolution cannot be considered a failed revolutionary movement. The fact that many modern issues, question and answers are the same issues of the time of constitutional movement show that many ideals of that time are still alive.
Despite the publication of books, articles and papers on the goals and the trend of the Constitutional Movement, why have our historians and scholars failed to provide a comprehensive analysis for the unfinished constitutional process?
I believe that the reason why a comprehensive analysis is not yet done of the movement and its achievements and failures is the ideological view of the history. It makes no difference if this view is a religious or a non-religious, socialist or liberal one, what matters is that the ideology-oriented historian is influenced by a specified ideology and comes to certain answers according to his own views.