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Mojtahedi: The Problem of Leibniz's Thought is Congruity

12 May 2012 - 12:14

Karim Mojtahedi, the author of "Leibniz and his Interpreters" said in the reviewing meeting of this work: whenever I tried to write something about Leibniz, I couldn't manage to collect his philosophy and thought within a specific intellectual system. The problem of his thoughts is congruity so they are uncollectable in a specific system.

IBNA: The reviewing meeting of the book «Leibniz and his Interpreters» held on Sunday (May 5) at Didar pavilion of 25th Tehran Book Fair. K. Mojtahedi the book author and Tehran University professor and Manouchehr Sane'i-e-Darehbidi Shahid Beheshti University professor spoke at the meeting. 

Mojtahedi said: I have certain reminiscence about Leibniz that is somewhat negative. Whenever I read the books of this philosopher or the works related to him, and then tried to write something about him, I couldn't manage to collect his philosophy and thought all together within a specific intellectual system. 

Unlike Descartes, Spinoza, and Malebranche; Leibniz's thoughts and Opinions, are indeed uncollectable in a specific system. His thoughts' problem is congruity, so they cannot be easily gathered in to a certain category.

He added: That's why it took so many years for me to collect some notes on Leibniz. With Leibniz my issue is that he is not a teacher, while I am; so am I obligated to understand a thinker before attempting to teach about him. I feel responsible in clarifying the thoughts of philosophers to the student, so that she/ he can raise head and say: "I have learnt about the philosopher". It is just in this way that I feel scientific self-confidence.

He continued: Leibniz was also a statesman, but I was just dealt with his philosophy; and in this book, I had no tendency, as I always have in my other works.

The author professor pointed out to the difference between the attitude of medieval philosophers, and that of the Modern ones and said: generally comparing; one will found that, one of the main differences between them is that medieval philosophers' mental pointers were shifting between "Revelation" and "Wisdom"; in fact some relied on the revelation originality and some others believed in the wisdom originality as well. While, modern philosophers' mental pointers shift between "Christian Scholastic Theology" and "Modern science". Dealing with theology for Leibniz does mean sacrificing modern science for the sake of theology; rather he wants to make a balance between them.

Mojtahedi continued: a double misunderstanding took place when some said that he had known nothing about science, and someone else said he had not been a theologist at all; while he dealt indeed with both science and theology at the same time, because he paid attention to the roots. Leibniz is important in that, he applied both philosophy and science to serve his home land. I like this aspect of his character. This professor felt himself responsible. Perhaps, his strong patriotism and attempts to improve his motherland, Germany has originated from the fact that he was born in a period when Germany was dealing with an abject poverty. 

Then, Sane'i-e- Darehbidi said: the relationship between Spinoza and Leibniz is complex. Among the Leibniz's exponents the controversy is whether the thinker's philosophical system belongs to the Spinoza or enjoys more depth than that of him. Spinoza believed that the universe is dominated necessarily by absolute correctness and fitness in which there isn't any possibility of implementing moral policy, while Leibniz's concerns were theological and scientific.

He added: Descartes considered mathematics as something belonged to the God's will, while in Spinoza opinion, this reality is belonged to the nature. Leibniz yet accepts neither and takes the middle part. However, he expresses his ideas vaguely. In fact, he believes that there are an unlimited number of universe among which the best is selected by God, and the reality of mathematics is also originated from the same selected universe that is in accordance with God's will.

Then Mojtahedi said: In the modern world, philosophy and science are separated issues. Philosophy is not merely limited to the historical evolution of science, rather a philosopher pays all the time attention to just the idea itself and does not report a current to the end.

Twenty-Fifth Tehran International Book Fair is held in May 2-12, at the Feast of Imam Khomeini (RA).