The book ‘Iranian Romanticism: a survey of the romantic movement in contemporary Persian Poetry’ is penned by Behzad Khajat to hit records of the first fully academic work on the influence of the Romantic School on Persian poets.
IBNA: Romanticism as a philosophical literary and artistic movement in the world history of culture emerged during the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to revive the sensual and the emotional in western arts. Romantic artists tried to realize their personal ideas unfettered by traditional or classic frameworks.
Romanticism emerged first in England and then in Germany and France and finally throughout Europe as a reaction to the bourgeois society of the enlightenment. The romanticists paid attention to their personal dreams and thoughts more than any other artificial or unnatural drive; what they wrote was a reflection of the dream world. The romantic thought was first discussed in Jean Jacque Rousseau’s Social Contract and John Lock’s Contemplations. It also owes much to the ideas of Hegel and Schlegel.
The movement also had deep effects on some contemporary Iranian literary and artistic movements. Poets such as Fereydoon Tavalloli, Nima Youshij, Nader Naderpour, Esmail Shahroudi, Sohrab Sepehri, Mohammad Zahri, Siavash Kasraei, Hamid Mosaddegh, Golchin Guilani, and Pejman Bakhtiari were among them.
“Iranian Romanticism” is the first research work ever written on this subject. In order to accomplish this Behzad Khajat has cited about 170 sources and reviewed almost all poems by Iranian romantic poets.
The first chapter defines the school and its characteristics and introduces the main figures in these; the philosophy of romanticism, however, is missing in the chapter.
Another problem in the theoretical framework is that in order to elaborate on the ideas of Schlegel, Hegel or Rousseau, Khajat refers to second-rate sources.
And while the poems of Hossein Pejman Bakhtiari as a significant Romanticist poet are neglected, his elaboration on Esmail Shahroudi as a revolutionary romanticist is a positive quality – a poet that in spite of his avant-garde innovations had been taken for granted by the critics and researchers alike.
‘Iranian Romanticism: A survey of the romantic movement in contemporary Persian poetry’ is penned by Behzad Khajat and published by Bamdad-e-No in 1650 copies and 237 pages. Khajat holds a PhD degree in Persian Language and Literature and now teaches at Islamic Azad University of Mahshahr.